Education and Training

1985     Bachelor of Arts in Biology, Albion College, Albion, MI

1988    Bachelor of Science in Visual Science, Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, IL

1990     Doctor of Optometry, Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, IL

2008     Doctoral Student, Health Services Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD

2010     Certificate in Public Health Economics, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD

2011     Certificate in Public Health Informatics, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD

2012     Doctor of Philosophy in Health Services Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD