Education & Training

Bachelor of Arts in Biology, Albion College, Albion, MI, 1985

Bachelor of Science in Visual Science, Illinois College of Optometry, 1988

Doctor of Optometry, Illinois College of Optometry, Chicago, IL, 1990

Doctoral Student, Health Services Research and Policy, Department of  Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, 2008

Certificate in Public Health Economics, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, 2010

Certificate in Public Health Informatics, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, 2011

Doctor of Philosophy in Health Services Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy and Management, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, 2012